Green Basil, a popular herb in the mint family, is renowned for its aromatic leaves used in various cuisines. It's a staple in Italian cooking and is also widely used in Southeast Asian dishes. This annual herb thrives in warm, tropical climates.

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Distinctive Features:

  • Leaves: Large, green, and fragrant with a slightly sweet, spicy flavor. The leaves are oval-shaped with a smooth texture and pointed tips.
  • Flowers: Small white or purple flowers that blossom in late summer.
  • Growth: Typically grows to a height of 30-60 cm. Basil plants have a bushy stature and are easy to prune and shape.

Growth Conditions:

  • Light: Prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade.
  • Soil: Favors well-drained, fertile soil with a neutral to slightly acidic pH.
  • Watering: Requires regular watering, but the soil should not be waterlogged. Allow the topsoil to dry out slightly between waterings.


  • Pruning: Regular pruning encourages bushier growth and prevents the plant from becoming leggy. Pinch off the top leaves to stimulate side growth.
  • Fertilization: Feed with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.
  • Harvesting: Harvest leaves as needed. For the best flavor, harvest in the morning when the essential oils are strongest.

Common Problems:

  • Pests: Susceptible to pests like aphids and spider mites. Regular inspection and natural remedies can help control these pests.
  • Diseases: Watch out for fungal diseases, especially in humid conditions. Good air circulation and proper watering techniques can mitigate this risk.


Green Basil is extensively used in cooking for its flavorful leaves. It's a key ingredient in pesto and is excellent in salads, soups, and pasta dishes. It also has medicinal properties and is used in traditional medicine.

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